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Bernd Sebastian Kamps et al. Christian Hoffmann, Juergen Rockstroh, et al. Paula and David Bloomer et al. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page. This article is about the science and art of healing. Medical availability and clinical practice varies across the world due to regional differences in culture and technology.
During the encounter, properly informing the patient of all relevant facts is an important part of the relationship and the development of trust. The medical encounter is then documented in the medical record, which is a legal document in many jurisdictions. Follow-ups may be shorter but follow the same general procedure, and specialists follow a similar process. The diagnosis and treatment may take only a few minutes or a few weeks depending upon the complexity of the issue. They are in the patient’s own words and are recorded along with the duration of each one.
Also called ‘chief concern’ or ‘presenting complaint’. Current activity: occupation, hobbies, what the patient actually does. It is to likely focus on areas of interest highlighted in the medical history and may not include everything listed above. On subsequent visits, the process may be repeated in an abbreviated manner to obtain any new history, symptoms, physical findings, and lab or imaging results or specialist consultations. The characteristics of any given health care system have significant impact on the way medical care is provided. This is intended to ensure that the entire population has access to medical care on the basis of need rather than ability to pay.
Delivery may be via private medical practices or by state-owned hospitals and clinics, or by charities, most commonly by a combination of all three. Transparency of information is another factor defining a delivery system. There is a perceived tension between the need for transparency on the one hand and such issues as patient confidentiality and the possible exploitation of information for commercial gain on the other. Provision of medical care is classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary care categories. Referrals are made for those patients who required the expertise or procedures performed by specialists. Some primary care providers may also take care of hospitalized patients and deliver babies in a secondary care setting.
In low-income countries, modern healthcare is often too expensive for the average person. International healthcare policy researchers have advocated that “user fees” be removed in these areas to ensure access, although even after removal, significant costs and barriers remain. In Asian countries it is traditional for physicians to also provide drugs. The scope and sciences underpinning human medicine overlap many other fields.
A patient admitted to the hospital is usually under the care of a specific team based on their main presenting problem, e. Physicians have many specializations and subspecializations into certain branches of medicine, which are listed below. There are variations from country to country regarding which specialties certain subspecialties are in. A knowledge of biostatistics is essential in the planning, evaluation, and interpretation of medical research.