Despite morphine being the most medically significant consumed emily snow pdf, larger quantities of codeine are consumed medically, most of it synthesized from morphine. Codeine has greater and more predictable oral bioavailability, making it easier to titrate the dose. Codeine also has less abuse potential than morphine, and because it is milder, larger doses of codeine are required. Heroin is one of several semi-synthetic opioids derived from the morphine.
Although sometimes not considered opiates, as they are not directly derived from natural opium, they are commonly referred to as opiates. Opiate is the older term classically used in pharmacology to mean a drug derived from opium. Opiate – Definitions from Dictionary. Vienna, Austria: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. This page was last edited on 12 October 2017, at 12:23.
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