Freedom of expression essay pdf

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The term “freedom of expression” is sometimes used synonymously, but includes any act of seeking, receiving and imparting information or ideas, regardless of the medium used. The idea of the “offense principle” is also used in the justification of speech limitations, describing the restriction on forms of expression deemed offensive to society, considering factors such as extent, duration, motives of the speaker, and ease with which it could be avoided. The right to freedom of expression has been interpreted to include the right to take and publish photographs of strangers in public areas without their permission or knowledge. 6th or early 5th century BC. Concepts of freedom of speech can be found in early human rights documents. Parliament’ which is still in effect. 1789, specifically affirmed freedom of speech as an inalienable right.

The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law. This means that the protection of freedom of speech as a right includes not only the content, but also the means of expression. However greater latitude is given when criticism of public figures is involved. Judith Lichtenberg has outlined conditions in which freedom of the press may constrain freedom of speech, for example where the media suppresses information or stifles the diversity of voices inherent in freedom of speech.

Freedom of speech is understood to be fundamental in a democracy. The norms on limiting freedom of expression mean that public debate may not be completely suppressed even in times of emergency. He argues that the concept of democracy is that of self-government by the people. For such a system to work an informed electorate is necessary. In order to be appropriately knowledgeable, there must be no constraints on the free flow of information and ideas.