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Hebrew or composed in Greek. Details of vocabulary and phrasing point to a Greek text written in a language modeled on the Greek developed through translating the other books in the Joel greenblatt books pdf. Book of Judith was ever considered authoritative or a candidate for canonicity by any Jewish group.

The renewed interest took the form of “tales of the heroine, liturgical poems, commentaries on the Talmud, and passages in Jewish legal codes. That midrash, whose heroine is portrayed as gorging the enemy on cheese before cutting off his head, may have formed the basis of the Jewish tradition to eat dairy products during Hanukkah. Judith 9:1,11-14 at Mass on the Feast of St. The canonicity of Judith is rejected by Protestants, who accept as the Old Testament only those books that are found in the Jewish canon. The story revolves around Judith, a daring and beautiful widow, who is upset with her Jewish countrymen for not trusting God to deliver them from their foreign conquerors. Gaining his trust, she is allowed access to his tent one night as he lies in a drunken stupor.

She decapitates him, then takes his head back to her fearful countrymen. The Assyrians, having lost their leader, disperse, and Israel is saved. Though she is courted by many, Judith remains unmarried for the rest of her life. The Book of Judith can be split into two parts or “acts” of approximately equal length. 7 describe the rise of the threat to Israel, led by the evil king Nebuchadnezzar and his sycophantic general Holofernes, and is concluded as Holofernes’ worldwide campaign has converged at the mountain pass where Judith’s village, Bethulia, is located.

16 then introduce Judith and depict her heroic actions to save her people. Part I, although at times tedious in its description of the military developments, develops important themes by alternating battles with reflections and rousing action with rest. In contrast, the second half is devoted mainly to Judith’s strength of character and the┬ábeheading┬áscene. It has also been called “an example of the ancient Jewish novel in the Greco-Roman period. Judith was invoked in a wide variety of texts as a multi-faceted allegorical figure. Covenant People from a militarily superior enemy. She uses her charm to become an intimate friend of Holofernes, but finally beheads him allowing Israel to counter-attack the Assyrians.

He is a devout soldier of his king, whom he wants to see exalted in all lands. Israel also becomes a target of his military campaign. Judith’s charm occasions his death. He is so proud that he wants to affirm his strength as a sort of divine power.

Persian name denoting an official of Holofernes. He is the first one who discovers Holofernes’ beheading. Assyria of the power of the God of Israel but is mocked. He is the first one to recognize Holofernes’ head brought by Judith in the city, and also the first one to praise Hashem. It is generally accepted that the Book of Judith is not historical. The fictional nature “is evident from its blending of history and fiction, beginning in the very first verse, and is too prevalent thereafter to be considered as the result of mere historical mistakes.

Other details, such as fictional place names, the immense size of armies and fortifications, and the dating of events, cannot be reconciled with the historical record. Nevertheless, there have been various attempts by both scholars and clergy to understand the characters and events in the Book as allegorical representations of actual personages and historical events. Judea remained an independent kingdom. Holofernes” and a “Bagoas” in Ochus’ army. This view also gained currency with scholarship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.