Rabindranath Tagore, a great Indian poet and writer, is one of the most revered literary figures in India. To know all about his childhood, life, works, rabindranath tagore essay pdf and timeline, read the biography below. A behind-the-scene look at the life of Rabindranath Tagore.
University of Calcutta, University College London, St. Let us not pray to be sheltered from dangers but to be fearless when facing them. India, at a time when the country was going through a tumultuous period during the British rule. Rabindranath Tagore, one of the epoch-making figures of the twentieth century, is one of the most widely acclaimed wordsmiths of India. Often hailed as Gurudev or the poet of poets, Tagore, through the sheer brilliance of his narratives and incommensurable poetic flair, laid an ineffaceable impression on the minds of his readers.
A child prodigy, Tagore, showed a penchant for literature, art and music from a very young age and in due course of time, produced an extraordinary body of work which changed the face of Indian literature. Even today, decades after his death, this saint-like man, lives through his works in the hearts of the people of Bengal who are forever indebted to him for enriching their heritage. He was the most admired Indian writer who introduced India’s rich cultural heritage to the West and was the first non-European to be bestowed the prestigious Nobel Prize. Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. Rabi’, Tagore was very young when his mother died and since his father was away most of the time, he was raised by the domestic help. The Tagores were ardent art-lovers who were known throughout the Bengal for their dominant influence over Bengali culture and literature.
When he was eleven, he accompanied his father on a tour across India. While on this journey, he read the works of famous writers, including Kalidasa, a celebrated Classical Sanskrit poet. Upon his return, he composed a long poem in the Maithili style, in 1877. In 1878, he moved to Brighton, East Sussex, England, to study law. He attended the University College London for some time, following which he started studying the works of Shakespeare. He returned to Bengal in 1880 without a degree, with the aspiration of fusing the elements of Bengali and European traditions in his literary works.
Kadambari, one of his sisters-in-law, was his close friend and confidante, who committed suicide in 1884. Devastated by this incident, he skipped classes at school and spent most of his time swimming in the Ganges and trekking through the hills. Clouds come floating into my life, no longer to carry rain or usher storm, but to add color to my sunset sky. By then, several of his works were published and he had gained immensely popularity among Bengali readers.
In 1912, he went to England and took a sheaf of his translated works with him. There he introduced his works to some of the prominent writers of that era, including William Butler Yeats, Ezra Pound, Robert Bridges, Ernest Rhys, and Thomas Sturge Moore. Gitanjali: Song Offerings’ and later in 1913, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. In 1915, he was also granted knighthood by the British Crown, which he renounced after the 1919 Jalianwala Bagh massacre. From May 1916 to April 1917, he stayed in Japan and the U.
Latin America, Europe and South-east Asia. During his extensive tours, he earned a cult following and endless admirers. If you cry because the sun has gone out of your life, your tears will prevent you from seeing the stars. Tagore’s political outlook was a little ambiguous. Though he censured imperialism, he supported the continuation of British administration in India.
Swadeshi Movement’ by Mahatma Gandhi in his essay “The Cult of the Charka”, published in September 1925. He believed in the co-existence of the British and the Indians and stated that British rule in India was “political symptom of our social disease”. He never supported nationalism and considered it to be one of the greatest challenges faced by humanity. Nevertheless, he occasionally supported the Indian Independence Movement and following the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, he even renounced his knighthood on 30 May 1919. On the whole, his vision of a free India was based not on its independence from the foreign rule, but on the liberty of thought, action and conscience of its citizens. Though he is more famous as a poet, Tagore was an equally good short-story writer, lyricist, novelist, playwright, essayist, and painter. His poems, stories, songs and novels provided an insight into the society which was rife with religious and social tenets and was infested with ill-practices such as child marriage.
He condemned the idea of a male-dominated society by articulating the subtle, soft yet spirited aspect of womanhood, which was subdued by the insensitivity of man. While reading any of his works, one will certainly come across at least one common theme, i. As a child, this great author grew in the lap of nature which left a deep-seated impression on him. It inculcated a sense of freedom, which emancipated his mind, body and soul from the typical societal customs prevalent those days. No matter how much he was enchanted by nature, he never distanced himself from the harsh realities of life. He observed life and society around him, weighed down by rigid customs and norms and plagued by orthodoxy.