The importance of literature pdf

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This is a good article. Follow the link for more information. The Importance of Being Earnest – Cigarettecase. London, it is a farcical comedy the importance of literature pdf which the protagonists maintain fictitious personæ to escape burdensome social obligations.

Contemporary reviews all praised the play’s humour, though some were cautious about its explicit lack of social messages, while others foresaw the modern consensus that it was the culmination of Wilde’s artistic career so far. Wilde’s most enduringly popular play. The successful opening night marked the climax of Wilde’s career but also heralded his downfall. Wilde’s lover, planned to present the writer with a bouquet of rotten vegetables and disrupt the show. Wilde was tipped off and Queensberry was refused admission. Soon afterwards their feud came to a climax in court, where Wilde’s homosexual double life was revealed to the Victorian public and he was eventually sentenced to imprisonment.

His notoriety caused the play, despite its early success, to be closed after 86 performances. After his release, he published the play from exile in Paris, but he wrote no further comic or dramatic work. It has been adapted for the cinema on three occasions. Wilde’s original material cut during the preparation of the original stage production.

Wilde’s producers urged him to write further plays. Wilde borrowed from Gilbert not only several incidents but, in Russell Jackson’s phrase “the gravity of tone demanded by Gilbert of his actors”. Sos Eltis describes Wilde’s revisions as a refined art at work: the earliest, longest handwritten drafts of the play labour over farcical incidents, broad puns, nonsense dialogue and conventional comic turns. Wilde had reached his artistic maturity and wrote this work more surely and rapidly than before. Wilde hesitated about submitting the script to Alexander, worrying that it might be unsuitable for the St James’s Theatre, whose typical repertoire was relatively serious, and explaining that it had been written in response to a request for a play “with no real serious interest”. Alexander turned to Wilde and agreed to put on his play.

Alexander began his usual meticulous preparations, interrogating the author on each line and planning stage movements with a toy theatre. In the course of these rehearsals, Alexander asked Wilde to shorten the play from four acts to three. Wilde agreed and combined elements of the second and third acts. The largest cut was the removal of the character of Mr. Jack finally agrees to pay for Ernest, everyone thinking that it is Algernon’s bill when in fact it is his own. The four-act version was first played on the radio in a BBC production and is still sometimes performed.

Peter Raby argues that the three-act structure is more effective, and that the shorter original text is more theatrically resonant than the expanded published edition. The play was first produced at the St James’s Theatre on Valentine’s Day 1895. It was freezing cold but Wilde arrived dressed in “florid sobriety”, wearing a green carnation. The audience, according to one report, “included many members of the great and good, former cabinet ministers and privy councillors, as well as actors, writers, academics, and enthusiasts”. Aynesworth was himself “debonair and stylish”, and Alexander, who played Jack Worthing, “demure”.

Wilde and Alexander learned of the plan, and the latter cancelled Queensberry’s ticket and arranged for policemen to bar his entrance. 22 April 1895, but closed after sixteen performances. Gwendolen, and Ida Vernon as Lady Bracknell. Wilde’s downfall in England did not affect the popularity of his plays in Australia. Though unsure of Wilde’s seriousness as a dramatist, they recognised the play’s cleverness, humour and popularity with audiences.