The year one challenge pdf download

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The The year one challenge pdf download Systems division conducts applied research to strengthen the economy, protect the environment, and enable energy independence and national security. This article is about the birding competition. Popularized in North America, big years are commonly done within single US states and Canadian provinces, as well as within larger areas such as the entire world, the lower 48 continental U. The ABA big year record of 835 species was set by John Weigel of Australia in 2016.

The world big year record of 6,833 species was set in 2016 by Arjan Dwarshuis of the Netherlands. However, in that era, most birders did not travel widely. The earliest known continent wide Big Year record was compiled by Guy Emerson, a traveling businessman, who timed his business trips to coincide with the best birding seasons for different areas in North America. His best year was in 1939 when he saw 497 species.

In 1952, Emerson’s record was broken by Bob Smart, who saw 515 species. In one of the footnotes to the book Peterson said “My year’s list at the end of 1953 was 572 species. Peterson and Fisher’s route, compiled a list of 594 species. Keith’s record stood for 15 years. He ended the year with a list of 626 species. The ABA Area was defined as the 49 continental U. 200 miles from land or half the distance to a neighboring country, whichever distance is less.

Floyd Murdoch, went after Parker’s record. Murdoch finished with 669 in the newly described ABA area to Kaufman’s 666. Kaufman set a North American record of 671 species, with the addition of five species that he had seen in Baja California. Murdoch’s record was broken in 1979 by James M.

Call Collect, Ask for Birdman. Benton Basham, in 1983, topped that with a total of 710. 1987 marked the second time that there was a competition during a single year, with Steve Perry ending up with 711 and Sandy Komito setting a new standard with 722. In 1992 Bill Rydell made a serious attempt at the record and ended with 714 species for the year.

Three birders, Sandy Komito, Al Levantin, and Greg Miller, chased Komito’s prior record of 722 birds. 3 submitted in 1998 and later accepted by state committees for a revised total of 748. 48 in a single year, finishing with 704. In the same year, Virginia birder Bob Ake ended the year with 731 species, an extraordinary total achieved without the benefit of the relatively unique weather effects of 1998.

Also in 2010, John Spahr of Virginia finished his ABA area big year with 704 species. In 2011, Colorado birder John Vanderpoel set out to complete a big year and had spotted over 700 species before November. Vanderpoel was considered a threat to Sandy Komito’s big year record of 745 species, and was reportedly the fastest birder on record to reach 700 species in a year. In 2013, Massachusetts birder Neil Hayward reluctantly decided to do an ABA big year. Neil reached 700 species on August 9, a full two weeks ahead of John Vanderpoel’s 2011 pace. Neil a final total of 749, and setting a new ABA Big Year record.

In 2016, an unprecedented four birders attempted ABA Area big years. Olaf Danielson, the pen name of a South Dakotan doctor, launched his “Bad Weather Big Year”, reaching 700 species in May. While not seeking to break the record, American birding activist and blogger Christian Hagenlocher’s “The Birding Project” aimed to attract more people to birding through a more social perspective. Hagenlocher, at age 27, also became the youngest person to break the 700-species barrier for an ABA big year.

Photographer Laura Keene, also conducting a 2016 big year, broke Lynn Barber’s Big Year record for women in September. 2016 also marked the first time four birders have each seen over 700 species in the ABA Area in a year. Danielson, Keene and Hagenlocher also broke Hayward’s previous record, marking the first time four people have broken a current big year record in the same year. 2017 has broken new ground, with five birders surpassing 700 species in the Continental ABA Area as of September 1, 2017. In October 2016, the ABA voted to add the U. Three of the 2016 big year birders, who were all on pace to break Hayward’s previous record, made trips to Hawaii during November and December 2016, even though the “New” ABA checklist was not updated until November 2017. Olaf Danielson, partly due to efforts to promote bird conservation in Hawaii, incorporated Hawaii into his Big Year planning, keeping a list for the “New ABA” along with his Continental ABA list.