This article is about the systematic destruction of a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group. they can t kill us all pdf, defines genocide as “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group”. 1956 and 2016 a total of forty-three genocides took place, causing the death of about 50 million people.
50 million had been displaced by such episodes of violence up to 2008. 1945, but solely as a descriptive term, not yet as a formal legal term. Generally speaking, genocide does not necessarily mean the immediate destruction of a nation, except when accomplished by mass killings of all members of a nation. It is intended rather to signify a coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of essential foundations of the life of national groups, with the aim of annihilating the groups themselves. The objectives of such a plan would be the disintegration of the political and social institutions, of culture, language, national feelings, religion, and the economic existence of national groups, and the destruction of the personal security, liberty, health, dignity, and even the lives of the individuals belonging to such groups.
He dedicated his life to mobilizing the international community, to work together to prevent the occurrence of such events. In a 1949 interview, Lemkin said “I became interested in genocide because it happened so many times. It happened to the Armenians, then after the Armenians, Hitler took action”. Lemkin successfully campaigned for the universal acceptance of international laws defining and forbidding genocides.
Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group. Other nations feared that including political groups in the definition would invite international intervention in domestic politics. Rigorous examination of the travaux fails to confirm a popular impression in the literature that the opposition to inclusion of political genocide was some Soviet machination. The Soviet views were also shared by a number of other States for whom it is difficult to establish any geographic or social common denominator: Lebanon, Sweden, Brazil, Peru, Venezuela, the Philippines, the Dominican Republic, Iran, Egypt, Belgium, and Uruguay. The exclusion of political groups was in fact originally promoted by a non-governmental organization, the World Jewish Congress, and it corresponded to Raphael Lemkin’s vision of the nature of the crime of genocide. The Convention was manifestly adopted for humanitarian and civilizing purposes.
Its objectives are to safeguard the very existence of certain human groups and to affirm and emphasize the most elementary principles of humanity and morality. When the Convention was drafted, it was already envisaged that it would apply not only to then existing forms of genocide, but also “to any method that might be evolved in the future with a view to destroying the physical existence of a group”. As emphasized in the preamble to the Convention, genocide has marred all periods of history, and it is this very tragic recognition that gives the concept its historical evolutionary nature. The Convention must be interpreted in good faith, in accordance with the ordinary meaning of its terms, in their context, and in the light of its object and purpose. Moreover, the text of the Convention should be interpreted in such a way that a reason and a meaning can be attributed to every word.