The disciples of Adi Shankaracharya are also called “Dash Nam Sanyasi” as the Title is further divided into ten vishnu sahasranama stotram in telugu pdf viz. Giri, Puri, Bharti, Ban, Aranya, Sagar, Aashram, Saraswati, Tirth, and Parwat. These all dashnam Sanyasi are associated with four Math in four corners of India, established by Adi Shankaracharya. Initially all the disciples were Sanyasins who embraced sanyas either after marriage or without getting married.
However, the association of the Dasanāmis with the Shankara maṭhas remained nominal. Any Hindu, irrespective of class, caste, age or gender can seek sannyāsa as an Ēkadaṇḍi renunciate in the Dasanāmi tradition. During this period, power was centralized, along with a growth of long distance trade, standardization of legal procedures, and a general spread of literacy. Hindu temples emerged during the late Gupta age. There existed tax free bhiksha-bogams for feeding the Ēkadaṇḍi ascetics in the ancient Tamil country. Shankara established the Dasanami Sampradaya.
After the end of the Gupta Empire and the collapse of the Harsha Empire, power became decentralized in India. The kingdoms were ruled via a feudal system. Smaller kingdoms were dependent on the protection of the larger kingdoms. The disintegration of central power also lead to regionalization of religiosity, and religious rivalry. Religious movements had to compete for recognition by the local lords.
Buddhism lost its position, and began to disappear in India. Dashanami Sampradaya, organizing a section of the Ēkadaṇḍi monastics under an umbrella grouping of ten names. Several other Hindu monastic and Ēkadaṇḍi traditions remained outside the organization of the Dasanāmis. Each maṭha was headed by one of his four main disciples, who each continued the Vedanta Sampradaya. Monastics of these ten orders differ in part in their beliefs and practices, and a section of them is not considered to be restricted to specific changes made by Shankara. Advaita Vedānta is not all-embracing.
The Dasanāmis or Ēkadaṇḍis also founded, and continue to found or affiliate themselves with, maṭhas, ashrams and temples outside the control of the Shankara maṭhas. Advaitins are non-sectarian, and they advocate worship of Siva and Visnu equally with that of the other deities of Hinduism, like Sakti, Ganapati and others. Nevertheless, contemporary Shankaracaryas have more influence among Saiva communities than among Vaisnava communities. Vedic ritual with devotional aspects of Hinduism. According to Nakamura, these maṭhas contributed to the influence of Shankara, which was “due to institutional factors”. The maṭhas which he built exist until today, and preserve the teachings and influence of Shankara, “while the writings of other scholars before him came to be forgotten with the passage of time”.